Istanbul Gelisim University Faculty of Health Sciences: Faculty Bulletin (Volume: 1, Issue: February 2021)
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14TH MARCH MEDICINE DAY Assist Prof. Dr. A. Yüksel BARUT The place was Şehzadebaşı Tulumbacıbaşı Mansion and the day was Wednesday, March 14, 1827. Chief Physician Mustafa Behçet, 21 years old, had brought the idea of a Medical School up during the reign of III. Selim. However, III. Selim had refrained from doing it as he was afraid of the ulama due to the prohibition of dissection (anatomy). When he was 53 years old, during the reign of II. Mahmut, his dream came true and the first Cerrahhane was established under the name of "Tıphane-i Amire” (The Military School of Medicine) and "Cerrahhane-i Amire” (Military School of Surgery). Medicine (Tıphane-i Amire) and Surgery (Cerrahhanei Amire) educations were started to be held separately in the same building. During this period, Medical education was determined as four years as applied in Europe. The Military School of Medicine (Tıphane-i Amire) moved to Galatasaray in 1839 and the opening of the new building was made by Sultan II. Mahmut on 17 February 1839. The education was given in French under the name "Mekteb-i Tıbbiye-i Adliye-i Şahane" (Imperial Faculty of Medicine), and the name of the school started to be written as "L'Ecole Adliyée Impériale de Médecine" in diplomas. In 1843, 67 students were the first to graduate and Salih Efendi was the first medical doctor with a diploma. In 1848, four Medical doctors passed the Vienna Medical Qualification Exam. In 1849, the first Medical Journal was published under the name "Vekayi-i Tıbbiye".
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